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Newly diagnosed breast cancer patients experience of short-term preoperative smoking intervention: a qualitative study

Contact person

name: Thordis Thomsen
Phone: +45 4488 3595
E-mail: [email protected]
Hospital: None
Network: None

Project details

Langugage of communication: English, Danish
Standard relation: Standard 3. Patient Information and Intervention
Date of last update: 05. May 2008

Background

Our knowledge of how newly diagnosed cancer patients experience preoperative smoking intervention is scarce.

Purpose and objectives

To illuminate how patients, newly diagnosed with breast cancer, experience Short-term Preoperative Smoking Intervention (SPSI) in connection to breast cancer diagnosis and surgery.

Methodology and actions

Eleven intervention group patients from the randomised controlled trial described above were interviewed about their experience of SPSI prior to breast cancer surgery using individual unstructured interviews. Interviews were transcribed verbatim and analyzed using Ricoeur's theory of interpretation.

Main target groups

Women smokers undergoing breast cancer surgery

Results and conclusions

Women perceived SPSI prior to breast cancer surgery as a relevant offer for health and pragmatic reasons. The emotional distress of breast cancer diagnosis and surgery generated a need for maintaing control Smoking behaviours become interwoven with this need. In "being defensive", smoking was used to control emotional distress and in "being proactive", smoking cessation signified active engagement in optimising postoperative and long-term health. SPSI supported smoking cessation in women who were proactive. Conversely, women who were defensive petitioned for prolonged and multifaceted interventions. SPSI should be offered routinely to newly diagnosed cancer patients. Furthermore, prolonged and collaborative interventions between surgical and oncological units should be developed.

Purpose and objectives

To illuminate how patients, newly diagnosed with breast cancer, experience Short-term Preoperative Smoking Intervention (SPSI) in connection to breast cancer diagnosis and surgery.

Publications

None


WHO-CC for Evidence Based Health Promotion in Hospitals
Clinical Unit of Health Promotion
Bispebjerg Hospital
DK-2400 Copenhagen NV, Denmark
Phone: +45 3531 6789
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